Here’s how I got an PPP connection trough my serial port. Before I can have internet on my iPAQ (with an familiar distro installed on it…) I had to compile a new kernel on my laptop with ‘PPP filtering’ enabled. You can find it under ‘Network Devices’ in ‘make menuconfig’. For IP portforwarding you’ll have to have some more stuff in your kernel you can find here. How to build a custom Debian kernel package is here. Also installed ‘ppp’ on my laptop with:
apt-get install ppp
Before we go on, I’ve got an internal network with a NetGear router, it’s IP number is 192.168.1.1 and it’s the internal gateway and DNS server of my laptop. When you don’t have the same setup, change the 192.168.1.1 into the IP number from the gateway (or DNS) from your access-provider.
Then I made a file ‘/etc/ppp/peers/ipaq‘ on my laptop, with this content:
-detach noauth nocrtscts lock local ms-dns 192.168.1.1 user ppp connect '/usr/sbin/chat -v -t3 ogin--ogin: ppp' /dev/ttyS0 115200 192.168.0.1:192.168.0.2
Then edit the ‘/etc/modules.conf‘ on the iPAQ and add these lines to it:
alias /dev/ppp ppp_generic alias char-major-108 ppp_generic alias tty-ldisc-3 ppp_async alias tty-ldisc-14 ppp_synctty
Then add to ‘/etc/modules‘
Now reboot your iPAQ with the command ‘reboot’. Then kill your minicom, if it’s on… and then open the ppp connection to the iPAQ from your PC, on Debian you do that with
When it works you’ll see this
Serial connection established. Using interface ppp0 Connect: ppp0 <--> /dev/ttyS0 Cannot determine ethernet address for proxy ARP local IP address 192.168.0.1 remote IP address 192.168.0.2
Now you can ssh to the iPAQ…
With me the login takes a second or 10… So be patient, it’s a serial connection ;)
Now you want internet on your iPAQ trough your serial PPP connection. So when you’ve compiled IP portforwarding (see my howto) in your kernel, you do the following. Make a file ‘ipmasq.sh’ with the following contents:
#!/bin/sh #Assuming external internet card is eth0, and IP is 192.168.1.2 # modprobe ipt_MASQUERADE; #Uncomment line above when you didn't compile it into the kernel iptables -F; iptables -t nat -F; iptables -t mangle -F; iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j SNAT --to 192.168.1.2; echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward;
Make the file executeable by doing:
chmod +x ipmasq.sh
Now start it as root
Okay, now you should be able to ping your gateway, in my case 192.168.1.1. When you’ve got a ping the ipmasq works. Now try to ping www.google.com, that should work now to!
Now you can upgrade your distro with
/root/postinst ipkg update ipkg upgrade ipkg install less ipkg list | less ipkg install madplay
Have fun ;)
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